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Hormones, Infertility, Pregnancy, Breastfeeding, Menopause & Thyroid

Thyroid disease is interrelated with women's hormones, and can have an impact on menstrual cycles, fertility, estrogen/progesterone levels, successful pregnancy and/or miscarriage, the ability to breastfeed and menopause. Thyroid patient advocate Mary Shomon will help you learn about the connections to hormonal symptoms and conditions, and how to successfully become pregnant and breastfeed with a thyroid condition.
  1. Breastfeeding (8)

Hyperthyroidism and Graves' Disease During Pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism -- an excess of thyroid hormone -- can occur during pregnancy. In pregnant women, hyperthyroidism is most often due to Graves' disease, but can be the result of changes in HCG levels that cause transient subclinical hyperthyroidism known as gestational transient thyrotoxicosis -- GTT -- and transient hyperthyroidism of hyperemesis gravidarum. Hyperthyroidism poses significant risks to both fetus and mother: this article looks at the symptoms of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy.

Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum
A look at the 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum

Understanding and Diagnosing Congenital Hypothyroidism in Infants and Children
Congenital hypothyroidism refers to hypothyroidism -- a deficiency or lack of thyroid hormone, or a missing or incompletely formed thyroid gland -- at birth. It is especially important that hypothyroidism in newborns and infants be quickly diagnosed and properly treated. This article look at the different types of congenital hypothyroidism, how the condition is diagnosed, the risk factors, and the common signs and symptoms.

Frequently Asked Questions About Breastfeeding and Thyroid Disease
Many women want their new babies to have the health benefits of breastfeeding. But women are also told to be careful about medications and medical treatments while nursing. This FAQ looks at the key questions women who are being treated for thyroid disease -- including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism -- have regarding breastfeeding their...

HypothyroidMom: Thyroid Advocacy Blog
An Interview With Dana Trentini of HypothyroidMom, a thyroid advocacy blog about pregnancy, fertility and thyroid disease

Diagnosing Hyperthyroidism and Graves' Disease During Pregnancy
Diagnosing hyperthyroidism and Graves' disease during pregnancy is more complicated than diagnosing these thyroid problems at other times. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism and normal pregnancy can be similar, making identification difficult. And radioactive iodine uptake tests or nuclear scanning usually performed to diagnose Graves' disease cannot be done in order to protect the fetus. This article looks at that diagnostic approaches for hyperthyroidism in pregnancy.

Managing Thyroid Disease During and After Pregnancy: Guidelines
To address the impact of thyroid disease on pregnancy, postpartum, fetal and newborn health, clinical guidelines for the management of thyroid problems in pregnancy and during the postpartum period were published in August of 2007. Patient advocate Mary Shomon has summarized the key components of the guidelines, which have important implications...

Researchers Recommend All Women Have Thyroid Screening During First Trimester
Research reported on at the Endo 2012 conference of the Endocrine Society has recommended that all women have thyroid screening during the first trimester of pregnancy.

The Effects of Pregnancy on the Thyroid and TSH Levels
A look at the effects that pregnancy has on the thyroid gland, and the reference range for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone levels during pregnancy, based on the Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum

Hypothyroidism, Hashimoto’s Disease and Pregnancy
A look at diagnosing and treating hypothyroidism and Hashimoto's disease in pregnancy, based on the 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum.

Pregnancy and Postpartum Thyroid Guidelines
New 2011 guidelines released for thyroid disease during pregnancy and postpartum provide information, raise questions and spur controversies

Thyrotoxicosis / Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy
A look at thyrotoxicosis and hyperthyroidism - an overactive thyroid - during pregnancy, and how it is diagnosed and treated, based on the 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum.

Graves’ Disease and Pregnancy
A look at the diagnosis and treatment of Graves' disease in pregnancy, based on the 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum.

Postpartum Thyrotoxicosis / Hyperthyroidism
A look at postpartum thyrotoxicosis and hyperthyroidism - an overactive thyroid after pregnancy - based on the 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum.

Guidelines for Iodine Nutrition Before, During and After Pregnancy
A look at iodine nutrition before, during and after pregnancy, based on the 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum.

The Controversy Over Thyroid Screening for All Pregnant Women
A look at the controversy over thyroid screening of pregnant women, based on the Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum.

Thyroid Nodules and Thyroid Cancer in Pregnancy
A look at the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer in pregnancy, based on the Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum

Thyroid Antibodies
A look at miscarriage, recurrent pregnancy loss, in-vitro fertilization and thyroid antibodies, based on the 2011 Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association for the Diagnosis and Management of Thyroid Disease During Pregnancy and Postpartum.

Treating Hyperthyroidism and Graves' Disease During Pregnancy
A look at treatments for hyperthyroidism during pregnancy, including prescription antithyroid medications, beta blockers, and surgery, as well as information on the preferred antithyroid thionamide drugs recommended for pregnant women.

Transient Hyperthyroidism of Hyperemesis Gravidarum in Pregnancy
During the first trimester of pregnancy, a small percentage of women develop a form of hyperthyroidism that is accompanied by severe form of morning sickness known as hyperemesis gravidarum. This article looks at this short-term hyperthyroidism, known as transient hyperthyroidism of hyperemesis gravidarum, or THHG, which is accompanied by severe nausea, excessive vomiting, and weight loss, and how the condition is diagnosed and properly treated.

Iodine in Prenatal Vitamins
Pregnant women -- and in particular, pregnant women with thyroid conditions -- need extra iodine. But research shows that as many as half of all prenatal vitamins do not include iodine at all. And those that do include iodine may not have the amount stated. Find out how much iodine a pregnant woman needs, and how best to get it in vitamin form.

Hyperthyroidism and Graves' Disease in Pregnancy
A look at hyperthyroidism and Graves' disease in pregnancy, including signs, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments of an overactive thyroid in the pregnant woman. Looks at risk factors, subclinical hyperthyroidism, gestational transient thyrotoxicosis GTT and transient hyperthyroidism of hyperemesis gravidarum. Treatments and monitoring of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy, including use of antithyro…

Does Overt and Subclinical Hypothyroidism Complicate Pregnancy?
Research has shown that women with thyroid disease -- including subclinical hypothyroidism -- are at more risk than previously thought of having infants who have birth defects, including abnormalities of the heart, kidney or brain, and other defects such as cleft lip and cleft palate. An Argentine research study published in 2002 also found that the success of a pregnancy doesn't depend on whether the hypothyroidism was overt or subclinical, but primarily on receiving adequate treatment.

Pregnancy Increases the Size and Incidence of Thyroid Nodules
Researchers found that pregnancy can increase the size of pre-existing thyroid nodules, trigger formation of new thyroid nodule and possibly increase the risk of developing multinodular goiter later in life.

Study Connects Mother's Thyroid Disease to Infants' Birth Defects
According to research presented at the 2001 Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's annual meeting, women with thyroid disease are at a higher risk of having infants who have abnormalities affecting the heart, kidney or brain as well as other defects, such as cleft lip and cleft palate, than previously thought.

Thyroid Nodules in Pregnancy May Have Higher Malignancy Rate
Researchers reported that thyroid nodules in pregnant women have a greater chance of being malignant than nodules in non-pregnant patients.

What Do You Need to Know About This Clinical Trial?
Information on a clinical trial evaluating the effect of treatment of women who are pregnant and diagnosed with a mild hypothyroidism during the pregnancy, in terms of the intellectual development of the child at 5 years of age.

New Study Will Look at Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy
A government-sponsored research study is being launched in early 2007 with the goal of finding out if thyroid screening for all pregnant women should become a standard practice. While it's known that hypothyroidism in pregnancy can have adverse effects for the child's development, researchers are attempting to determine if low-level hypothyroism has the same impact, and warrants screening and treatment.

Mary's Six Beauty-Saving Secrets for Thyroid Patients
Even with proper treatment for a thyroid condition, there are some health and beauty problems -- hair and skin for a start -- that we just can't escape. Here are the six things I just can't live without.

Postpartum Depression and Postpartum Thyroid Disease
Postpartum depression, also known as PPD, is very real, and affects as many as one in ten women. But what many women don't know is that postpartum thyroid disease is equally as common, and may actually the underlying cause of the PPD in some women. Find out more about the signs symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of postpartum thyroid problems.

What Are The Normal TSH Ranges During Each Trimester of Pregnancy?
Researchers published findings in February 2006 showing the normal ranges for TSH during each trimester of pregnancy. Find out more about this important information for pregnant women with hypothyroidism now.

Asymptomatic Thyroid Problems in Mother Can Harm Newborn
Researchers, reporting in the January 2006 issue of the journal Pediatrics, have reported that there is an increased risk of neurological problems in infants when the mother was hypothyroid -- had low thyroid hormone levels -- early in the pregnancy, even if the mother had no symptoms.

Thyroid Disease & Pregnancy: The Latest News, Fall 2005
There are always new developments in the area of thyroid disease and pregnancy. Mary Shomon reports on various research published in 2005 that explores issues related to thyroid disease and pregnancy, and how to have a healthy pregnancy and healthy baby despite a thyroid condition.

Just When Can You Become Pregnant?
Just when are you fertile? Researchers now say that it's harder to predict than we thought. And for thyroid patients, it's especially important to know the details.

Depression During Pregnancy: Common and Often Undetected
Research finds that depression during pregnancy is a common, often undetected condition. However, the potential connection to thyroid problems has been overlooked by researchers. Read about the research, and then patient advocate Mary Shomon's commentary regarding the pregnancy/thyroid connection.

Pregnant with Hypothyroidism? Increase Your Medication!!!
If you're pregnant and hypothyroid, you are likely to need an increase in your thyroid hormone dosage, even as early as several weeks post-conception.

Pregnancy & Thyroid Disease Information Center
Central source of information on thyroid disease and its impact on fertility, pregnancy and postpartum health, as well as the development of thyroid problems during or after pregnancy. A must-read for all mothers-to-be and new mothers.

Thyroid Guide to Pregnancy Fertility & Breastfeeding Success
Covers key information on undiagnosed and/or undertreated thyroid problems and their impact on the ability to become pregnant as well as miscarriage, and breastfeeding. The book also discusses thyroid conditions, including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease, Hashimoto's disease, thyroid nodules, goiter, and thyroid cancer, and their impact on pregnancy.

Fertility & Thyroid Disease: Frequent Asked Questions
A look at how to get pregnant when you have thyroid disease, and thyroid-related infertility, and how to overcome it to have a healthy pregnancy.

Hypothyroidism and Pregnancy: Frequently Asked Questions
From prenatal vitamins with iron, to optimal TSH levels, to risks and concerns, this two-part article answers your most important questions about hypothyroidism and pregnancy, and helps you ensure a healthy pregnancy and baby!

Hyperthyroidism/Graves' Disease & Pregnancy -- FAQ
If you have Graves' Disease or hyperthyroidism and become pregnant, what do you need to know? Also, what if you are pregnant, and develop hyperthyroidism during the pregnancy? This article offers answers to many common questions about being pregnant with an overactive thyroid.

Postpartum/After Pregnancy Thyroid Problems / FAQ
There are a number of things that can go wrong with the thyroid after having a baby. This article looks at thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroid conditions that develop after having a baby, as well as fluctuations in thyroid function that occur in women with thyroid disease.

Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy
Two-part article on thyroid disease and pregnancy explores the effects of thyroid disease on fertility, miscarriage risk, and how to ensure a healthy pregnancy for a mother-to-be with thyroid disease.

Hypothyroidism Increases the Risk of Miscarriage
Researchers have found that the second trimester miscarriage risk is substantially higher for women when hypothyroidism is undiagnosed.

Thyroid Disease and Menopause
A look at the misdiagnosis and underdiagnosis of thyroid disease during menopause, worsening of thyroid symptoms during menopause, and the interrelationship between the two conditions in general.

Menstrual Problems and Thyroid Disease
Menstrual problems are not only a common symptom of thyroid conditions, but can continue in people who are treated for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. If you are struggling with irregular, heavier, lighter or painful menstrual periods, this article has some information that can help.

Babies Born to Hypothyroid Mothers Have Lower I.Q.'s
Major news of New England Journal of Medicine research report showing that untreated hypothyroidism during pregnancy has adverse affects on a child's I.Q.

May 2004 -- Endos Release Statement Guidelines re: Thyroid/Pregnancy
Pregnancy complications and problems with intellectual development are the focus of a new American Thyroid Association statement on thyroid health in pregnant women. Find out about the ATA's new recommendations, and their increasing awareness of the connection between thyroid status and fertility, pregnancy outcome and the development of your baby.

Breastfeeding and Thyroid Disease, Questions and Answers
Can you nurse when hypothyroid and taking drugs like Synthroid? Can hypothyroidism interfere with your ability to breastfeed? Can you breastfeed when hyperthyroid, and taking antithyroid drugs like Tapazole or PTU? Can you have a thyroid scan or Radioactive Iodine treatment when breastfeeding? Find out all the answers in this helpful article.

Pregnancy at About.com
About.com's Pregnancy Guide offers a one-stop resource for anyone interested in finding out more about pregnancy.

Thyroid Problems During Pregnancy
An overview, from Endocrineweb.

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